What organic and Fair Trade labels do not tell us: toward a place-based understanding of certification


Aimee Shreck, Christy Getz


agriculture, certification, Dominican Republic, Fair Trade, Mexico, organic


International Journal of Consumer Studies

Year Published:


Policy Summary

Certifications around organic and fair trade do not accurately reflect the social and environmental conditions of production, thus potentially jeopardizing the entire basis of the certification systems. A more nuanced and robust incorporation of “place” at the point of production into international certified commodity systems would go a long way.

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